By Laura A. Janda
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Extra info for A Geography of Case Semantics: The Czech Dative and the Russian Instrumental (Cognitive Linguistic Research)
Schemas Pictorial Prose A nominative acts on an accusative in a dative's sphere of control in a setting. Usage Free Dative A nominative acts on an accusative to bring it to a dative's sphere of control in a setting. Transitional examples between Indirect Object & Schema 2 A nominative acts in a dative's sphere of control in a setting. Intransitive expressions of Free Dative A nominative is a nominative' in a dative's sphere of control in a setting. Free Dative in copular constructions Schema 2 - dative of possession, ethical dative and emotional dative A negatively-evaluated action on an object can result in a dative relationship with an entity only when the object is already in a relationship with the dative entity, as in schema 2.
Government by prepositions In all three examples the dative is governed by a deverbal noun; in a fuller version the dative's role would approximate that of the indirect object or of the dative governed by a verb. Government by adjectives Cases of government by an adjective are likewise usually the result of the abbreviation of a verb phrase. As indicated in the table below, most of the adjectives that are said to take the dative case are related to verbs that were listed among the dative-governing verbs or verbs that participate in semantic extension of the indirect object in preceding sections.
F? He gives a number of examples which illustrate this fact. In (76) one must know who the room belongs to in order to determine whether the dative describes a beneficiaryor a possessor. (76) narration. This reading of the dative, like the dative of possession, requires further specification via lexicon or extralinguistic knowledge. When the necessary requirements are fulfilled (the dative referent is the interlocutorand detached from the event), the meaning of the dative is interpreted on a pragmatic plane as a mapped extension of the free dative.
A Geography of Case Semantics: The Czech Dative and the Russian Instrumental (Cognitive Linguistic Research) by Laura A. Janda