Download e-book for iPad: A New Institutional Economics Perspective on Industry by Jan Sammeck

By Jan Sammeck

ISBN-10: 3834935417

ISBN-13: 9783834935410

ISBN-10: 3834935425

ISBN-13: 9783834935427

The notion of self-regulation as an device able to mitigating socially bad practices in industries - resembling corruption, environmental degradation, or the violation of human rights - is receiving monstrous attention in idea and perform. by way of drawing close this phenomenon with the idea of the hot Institutional Economics, Jan Sammeck develops an analytical strategy that issues out the severe mechanisms which make a decision concerning the effectiveness of this software. through integrating concept with functional examples of self-regulation, this examine highlights the need to examine the institutional incentives of an undefined, that allows you to come to a valid judgement in regards to the feasibility and effectiveness of this device in a given situation.

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In other words, behavior is institutionalized whenever it is possible to verify deviations and sanction those that deviate from it, such that the benefits from deviation are outweighed by  134 Ostrom (1986, p5); see also Ostrom, Gardner, and Walker (1994, p38). Rules are thus distinct from physical and behavioral laws, in that they can be modified through human action. 135 Compare the definition of Greif (2006a, p8): “If prescriptive rules of behavior are to have an impact, individuals must be motivated to follow them.

63 Compare Kreps (1990, p745) and also Dixit (1996, p53). 64 Compare Boland (1981). Other, but similar maximization purposes mentioned in the literature, for example in Kaler (2000), such as revenue, growth rates, discounted cash flows, or sales figures ultimately relate to a maximization of private profits and do not constitute ultimate ends themselves. Jensen (2002) further argues that although temporal, partial deviations may be observed within the entirety of a firm’s action, this entirety will ultimately in some way be geared towards the maximization of private profits.

Under this assumption, a positive reputation ultimately enables the firm to transact on the market at costs that are less in comparison to expected market transaction costs incurred when not having that reputation. From a transaction cost perspective, it is rational for the individual firm to execute an investment into the “asset” reputation, if by doing so it avoids future transaction costs or reduces the amount of current ones. 91 However, as a firm’s goal is defined to be the maximization of profits, the incentive to commit itself to ethical standards only persists as long as valuable transactions with the particular stakeholder are expected in the future, and the costs of voluntary constraints are perceived to be justified by lower transaction costs than alternative arrangements in which no such constraints are apparent.

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A New Institutional Economics Perspective on Industry Self-Regulation by Jan Sammeck

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