A Second Exodus: The American Movement to Free Soviet Jews - download pdf or read online

By Murray Friedman, Albert D. Chernin

ISBN-10: 1611686660

ISBN-13: 9781611686661

Because the early Nineteen Sixties, a few 1.3 million Jews from the Soviet Union and its successor states have immigrated to the West, basically to Israel and the U.S.. mostly because of the imaginitive and skillful mobilization efforts of Jews and their neighbors during the global this nice exodus had very important ramifications for US family members with the Soviet Union/Russia and Israel. moreover, the luck of yank Jews in mounting and maintaining this lobbying attempt represented a coming of age for the group, which on a number of a long time ahead of were not able to extricate thousands of Jews from Europe and the Nazis. This publication, half historical past, half social gathering, combines essays via students with memoirs and primary hand debts to chronicle this outstanding rescue project.

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It’s better not to go . . ” Many feared that Stalin would deport and possibly exterminate Jews. One émigré remembered, “The public prosecution of the doctors was thought to be the first step of a planned pogrom. We heard that it would be followed by public outrage and then Jews would be sent to Birobidzhan. The trains were supposed to be ready for transportation, and there were rumors of a plan to shoot people and throw them into clay pits. Such talk was very common. ”16 Such deportations were not unprecedented under Stalin.

D. Chernin, Making Soviet Jews an Issue 21 Distressed by the anti-Zionist atmosphere of the trials, NCRAC agencies agreed on the need to work closely with the Zionist organizations. The American Zionist Council responded to their suggestion to convene a meeting of thirty-four major national Jewish organizations. It was held 6 January 1952, only days before the Soviet “announcement” of the Doctors’ Plot. At that meeting, Isaiah M. Minkoff, executive director of NCRAC, asserted that while Stalin had never adopted anti-Semitism as a racist theory, the Communists had long been engaged in the actual liquidation of organized Jewish life in the Soviet Union, and now (1953) had embarked upon the use of anti-Semitism as a political weapon.

69 The American Jewish community’s campaign of public protest was not intended as a sporadic, flash-in-the-pan venture. The conference recognized that the occasional “spectacular project . . may be necessary,” but “the steady, ongoing job of interpretation . . ”70 What the campaign required was the endurance of a marathon runner. In his meeting with Goldberg, Javits, and Ribicoff, Dobrynin expressed skepticism that the American Jewish community could sustain such a campaign over the long term.

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A Second Exodus: The American Movement to Free Soviet Jews by Murray Friedman, Albert D. Chernin


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