By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Space Studies Board, Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, Committee on Solar-Terrestrial Research
Committee on Solar-Terrestrial examine, Board on Atmospheric Sciences and weather, house experiences Board, department in the world and existence reports, department on Engineering and actual Sciences, nationwide study Council
This booklet investigates and analyzes a number of traumatic developments in govt help for house physics study over the last decade. The authors establish investment and administration difficulties that thwart expense potency inside of this self-discipline, and recommend attainable recommendations. the quantity additionally has broader implications for somebody engaged in study or within the investment and organizing of house physics learn.
Read Online or Download A Space Physics Paradox: Why Has Increased Funding Been Accompanied by Decreased Effectiveness in the Conduct of Space Physics Research? PDF
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Extra resources for A Space Physics Paradox: Why Has Increased Funding Been Accompanied by Decreased Effectiveness in the Conduct of Space Physics Research?
Please use the print version of this publication as the authoritative version for attribution. 1Growth of space physics community within the American Geophysical Union. 2 Growth of American Astronomical Society's Solar Physics Division membership. Source: Karen Harvey, AAS/SPD Treasurer. time intervals over which data are available. 1. 1 shows that the growth in the size of the space physics field occurred at essentially the same rate as the funding increases experienced over the past 10 to 20 years.
National Academy Press, 1989), Figure 2-43. ; Definition of Terms: Estimated personnel costs for senior scientists and graduate students include salaries and fringe benefits, such as insurance and retirement contributions. Other direct costs include such budget items as materials and supplies, travel, subcontractors, computer services, publications, consultants, and participant support costs. Indirect costs include general administration, department administration, building operation and maintenance, depreciation and use, sponsored research projects administration, libraries, and student services administration.
1a shows the number of Explorer launches from 1958 to the present, along with projected launches for programs approved through 1997 (projected launch times should be considered uncertain). The data show a clear and continuing decrease in space-physics-related launches since the 1960s. However, we are not able to conclude from this result alone that the number of research opportunities has decreased. If, for example, satellites increased in size and thus carried more experiments, the number of actual research opportunities (as measured by experiments flown) may not have decreased.
A Space Physics Paradox: Why Has Increased Funding Been Accompanied by Decreased Effectiveness in the Conduct of Space Physics Research? by National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Space Studies Board, Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, Committee on Solar-Terrestrial Research