By Erica Frydenberg
Formative years is a time whilst coping is essential, given that many new reviews and tasks are thrust upon contributors. teenagers have to cope in quite a few settings, together with college, domestic, peer teams and the place of work, and with a number of lifestyles difficulties resembling divorce and examinations. This research offers an account of present examine and pondering on adolescent coping, complemented by way of the voices of children themselves. It specializes in how youngsters deal with various existence difficulties, and the coping kinds of specific teams, resembling the talented. It additionally considers the measurements of coping, and components resembling social help and melancholy. this article will be of curiosity to scholars of psychology, social paintings, sociology, schooling and adolescence and group paintings in addition to to an viewers of oldsters and children.
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Extra info for Adolescent Coping: Theoretical and Research Perspectives (Adolescence and Society)
The self-efficacy approach highlights ways in which individuals perceive their capacities rather than the recording of actual behaviours. It focuses on beliefs that an individual holds about his or her capacity to deal effectively with a particular situational demand. The individual’s behavioural history determines the level of selfefficacy. The behavioural history includes components such as social learning in the school and the family setting. For example, in an educational setting observing a similar peer performing a task well can promote a sense of self-efficacy.
Physical activity can facilitate the dissipation of the harmful effects of stress by providing distractions, energising the individual or facilitating the production of endorphins. Relaxation techniques also feature as a way to help deal with stress. Stress becomes ‘distress’ when the response is too intense and lasts too long. After an initial reaction of alarm the body moves in to try and resist the stress. When the period of stress is prolonged, adaptation mechanisms are eventually depleted and the body becomes exhausted.
The hypothalamus then produces substances that activate the pituitary gland at the base of the brain. As a consequence of the pituitary gland being activated, adrenocorticotrophic hormone is sent into the bloodstream. This hormone sets off the secretion of corticoids when it reaches the adrenal glands. The next step in the chain of events is the release of adrenalin by the medulla into 16 Adolescence the system. The body responds with what is known as the ‘fight or flight’ reaction. The response is characterised by an increase in the heart rate, the pumping of more blood into the vital organs, heavier breathing, more acute vision and dryness of mouth.
Adolescent Coping: Theoretical and Research Perspectives (Adolescence and Society) by Erica Frydenberg