By Douglas Flamming
From colonial instances to the current, this quantity captures the stories of the westward migration of African american citizens. in keeping with the most recent examine, it bargains a clean examine the various methods African american citizens influenced—and have been stimulated by—the improvement of the U.S. frontier.African americans within the West covers the increase of the slave alternate to its growth into what was once on the time the westernmost usa; from the post–Civil struggle migrations, together with the Exodusters who fled the South for Kansas in 1879 to the mid–20th century civil rights move, which observed many severe occasions occur within the West—from the association of the Black Panthers in Oakland to the tragic Watts riots in la.
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Additional resources for African Americans in the West (Cultures in the American West)
Yet the message slaves heard was not always the message white evangelists intended. And the God slaves worshipped was not quite the same God their owners’ worshipped. The real religion of the slaves was the religion of the slave quarters— out of sight and out of earshot of the masters. Some masters kept an eye on the quarters, in which case slaves would steal away to the woods when they could to worship as they saw fit. Here, in isolation, the African traditions of dance, drumming, song, and praise held sway.
His plan might have been to sell at least some of his slaves in Texas and to use that income to make a new start. When the Owens family got word that the Smiths would soon move to Texas, they acted to stop it. With the help of sympathetic whites and the county sheriff, the Owens family was able to block the Smiths’ departure until the legal status of their slaves could be ascertained. The Smiths and their slaves were camped outside Los Angeles, preparing for their trip to Texas, when Los Angeles County authorities arrived and took Hannah, Biddy, and their children into protective custody.
Some lived in loosely defined communities, and others were part of identifiable tribal organizations that had greater numbers and resources. Still others were subjects of wellestablished kingdoms. Different levels of political organization and historic ethnic animosities among black Africans allowed European slave traders to play the different kingdoms, tribes, and communities against one another in the 16 African Americans in the West process of capturing and selling Africans into slavery. For example, a powerful African tribe might work in conjunction with Spanish slave traders to ensnare and market the people of weaker communities or rival tribes.
African Americans in the West (Cultures in the American West) by Douglas Flamming